Eid prayers, also known as Salat al-Eid (Arabic: صلاة
العيد) and Salat
al-Eidain (Arabic: صلاة
العيدين), is the special
prayer offered to commemorate two Islamic festivals. Both the Eids are
collectively known as Eidain (عيدين) in the Arabic language. The two Islamic
1). Eidprayer always held in
Musallaby Prophet (sal) and never in a
are not following this? May be due to non-availability of open lands or
grounds in the area. Not so. there are plenty of them; but we do this in
masjids as we have just got used to this easy way and lazy to make changes.
The time of Salat al-Eid begins when the sun reaches approximately two
meters above the horizon Eid Prayers should be conducted early
in the morning after the Fajr Prayer after sun rise. e.g.-If Fajr falls
at 4.35am, the sun rises at 5.59am on the 1st of July 2015-after
about one and half hours. Around 6am or soon after would be ideal. Ibn Umar,
Prayers should not be done before sun rise
and before sun set. It would be a great day if we could do the Fajr prayer and
then wait till the sun rises (just about an hour) and then do the Eid prayer
and back home by 6.30 or 7 in the morning.
of masjids should try to enforce this Sunnah to the best of their ability by
prior notice to the Ummah that Eid prayer would be held in that
playground, or park ; and get volunteers to organize and provide canopies
etc ., etc.
‘Eid prayer is valid for men, women, children, travellers, residents, people incongregation, and people praying
individually. It is also valid if performed in a house,mosque, or a distant place designated for
the salah, and so on.
Salaatul ‘Eid can be performed in the mosque but it is preferred to perform it
in a placeoutside the
city as long as there is no excuse or reason to do otherwise (e.g., rain,
Make ghusl or ablution on
this day. It can be done at anytime but to serve the purpose it is recommended
to do it before going out for the prayer. The sunnah isto take a
bath on the day of ‘Eid.
recommended that he should wear his best clothes on this day. Should glorifyAllâh [i.e.,
say takbeeraat] Allahu Akbar . " Allâhu akbar. Lailaha ill Allâh. Allâhu akbar. Allâhu akbar wa
lillahil-hamd." TO say the long recital- walhamdulillah hi katheera etc. there
is no authentic hadith. Some say
that the Takbeerat al-ihraam (say “Allaahu akbar” to start the
from the night before the ‘Eid, when the moon is seen, untilthe person goes to the musallaa
and the imaam arrives. The time for the takbeeraat during the‘Eid of the sacrifice is
from the day of 'Arafah until the time of the 'asr on the thirteenth ofThul-Hijjah. [See
Sharhussunnah: vol. 4, pp. 300-1. See Zaadul Mi ‘aad: vol. 1, p. 449.] Eid ul-Fitr, Takbir starts from the moment of leaving the home to the
open field. Az-Zuhri (RA) reported: “Allah’s Messenger (SAW) would leave his
house on the day of Fitr, saying takbir until he reached the musalla (in this
useage meaning outdoor praying area) to perform the prayer. Once he had
performed the prayer, he would stop saying the takbir.
said: “this hadeeth provides evidence for the Muslims’ common
practice of sayng the takbir aloud en route to the musalla (or outside prayer
place) even though many people have now neglected this sunnah, until it is
almost totally forgotten.
Ibn ‘Umar went out (of his house) on the morning of the day of Fitr and the day
of Adha, he would say the takbir aloud until he reached the musalla (or outdoor
praying place), then he would say it until the imam arrived (for the prayer)
Therefore the general rule for the two Eids is as reported by az-Zuhri (RA):
“The people said the takbir on Eid from the time they left their homes until
they reached the musalla (or outside praying place), and (said it at the
musalla) until the imam arrived. When the imam arrived, they became silent; but
if he said the takbir, they would also say it.”
[Recorded by Ibn Abi Shaybah and al-Muhamili from Ibn
Mas’ud (RA) authenticated in Irwa ul-Ghalil no. 654)]
Shari'ah requires women and children to
go out and attend the salaatul ‘Eidayn. This includesmarried, single, young, old, or
menstruating women so that they mightstand behind the men and say
Takbeer along with them and invoke Allâh along with themand hope for the blessings
of that day and for purification from sins." Sahih Al-Bukhari: vol.2,
a sunnah to pray salaatul adha early in order to allow more time forthe people to perform the
sacrifice, and the salaatul Fitr is to be delayed in order to givepeople time to pay zakat
is to [pray} and khutbah thereafter. After thakbeer thahreem, recite wajjahthu
Wagihililladee etc., do the 7 thakbeer in the 1st rakat. Do not drop
the hands and go on raising and dropping, but just utter the thakbeer seven
times following the imam. Same with the second rakat of 5 thakbeer. Prophet
stood on the floor and delivered the khutbah in the musalla and he did not
sit half way and complete khutbah. There was no mimber. Do not avoid
the khutbah, all should listen to this. Permissible to pray both Jum’ah
and Eid if on a Friday or perform anyone of this.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said inMajmoo’
I think is that the Eid prayer is fard ‘ayn (an individual obligation), and
that it is not permissible for men to miss it, rather they have to attend,
because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) enjoined that.
He even commanded the women – including virgins and those who usually stayed in
seclusion – to come out to the Eid prayer, and he commanded menstruating women
to come out to the Eid prayer, but told them to keep away from the prayer-place
itself. This indicates that it is confirmed.
also said (16/217):
it is permissible to pray voluntary
prayers after returning from the musalla. Abu SaEid al-Khudri (RA) reported:
“Allah’s Messenger (SAW) would not pray any voluntary prayer (in musalla)
before Eid prayer. However, when he returned to his house, he prayed two
Entering any masjid, one must pray 2
rakats of greetings to the masjid (Thahiyyathul masjid) before sitting down.