Tuesday, September 15, 2015

Eid Prayers

Eid prayers, also known as Salat al-Eid (Arabicصلاة العيد‎) and Salat al-Eidain (Arabicصلاة العيدين‎), is the special prayer offered to commemorate two Islamic festivals. Both the Eids are collectively known as Eidain (عيدين) in the Arabic language. The two Islamic festivals are:
·         Eid al-Fitr (Arabicعيد الفطر‎), which is celebrated on the 1st day of Shawwal, the 10th month of the Islamic calendar (the first day after Ramadan).
·         Eid al-Adha (Arabicعيد الأضحى‎), which is celebrated on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah, the 12th month of the Islamic calendar

1). Eid prayer always held in Musalla by Prophet (sal) and never in a masjid.
Why  we are not following this?  May be due to non-availability of open lands or grounds in the area. Not so. there are plenty of them; but we do this in masjids as we have just got used to this easy way and lazy to make changes.
The time of Salat al-Eid begins when the sun reaches approximately two meters above the horizon  Eid Prayers should be conducted early in the morning after the Fajr Prayer after sun rise.  e.g.-If Fajr falls at 4.35am, the sun rises at 5.59am on the 1st of July 2015-after about one and half hours. Around 6am or soon after would be ideal. Ibn Umar, Buhary 581.
Prayers should not be done before sun rise and before sun set. It would be a great day if we could do the Fajr prayer and then wait till the sun rises (just about an hour) and then do the Eid prayer and back home by 6.30 or 7 in the morning.
All Trustees of masjids should try to enforce this Sunnah to the best of their ability by prior notice to the Ummah that Eid prayer  would be held in that playground, or park ; and get volunteers to organize  and provide canopies etc ., etc.
The ‘Eid prayer is valid for men, women, children, travellers, residents, people in congregation, and people praying individually. It is also valid if performed in a house, mosque, or a distant place designated for the salah, and so on. Salaatul ‘Eid can be performed in the mosque but it is preferred to perform it in a place outside the city as long as there is no excuse or reason to do otherwise (e.g., rain, etc.).
Make ghusl or ablution on this day. It can be done at any time but to serve the purpose it is recommended to do it before going out for the prayer. The sunnah is to take a bath on the day of ‘Eid. Highly recommended that he should wear his best clothes on this day. Should glorify Allâh [i.e., say takbeeraat] Allahu Akbar . " Allâhu akbar. La ilaha ill Allâh. Allâhu akbar. Allâhu akbar wa lillahil-hamd." TO say the long recital- walhamdulillah hi katheera etc. there is no authentic hadith.
 Some say that the Takbeerat al-ihraam (say “Allaahu akbar” to start the prayer),are from the night before the ‘Eid, when the moon is seen, until the person goes to the musallaa and the imaam arrives. The time for the takbeeraat during the ‘Eid of the sacrifice is from the day of 'Arafah until the time of the 'asr on the thirteenth of Thul-Hijjah. [See Sharhussunnah: vol. 4, pp. 300-1. See Zaadul Mi ‘aad: vol. 1, p. 449.]
Eid ul-Fitr, Takbir starts from the moment of leaving the home to the open field. Az-Zuhri (RA) reported: “Allah’s Messenger (SAW) would leave his house on the day of Fitr, saying takbir until he reached the musalla (in this useage meaning outdoor praying area) to perform the prayer. Once he had performed the prayer, he would stop saying the takbir.
Al-Albani said: “this hadeeth provides evidence for  the Muslims’ common practice of sayng the takbir aloud en route to the musalla (or outside prayer place) even though many people have now neglected this sunnah, until it is almost totally forgotten.
 When Ibn ‘Umar went out (of his house) on the morning of the day of Fitr and the day of Adha, he would say the takbir aloud until he reached the musalla (or outdoor praying place), then he would say it until the imam arrived (for the prayer)
 Conclusion : Therefore the general rule for the two Eids is as reported by az-Zuhri (RA): “The people said the takbir on Eid from the time they left their homes until they reached the musalla (or outside praying place), and (said it at the musalla) until the imam arrived. When the imam arrived, they became silent; but if he said the takbir, they would also say it.”
 [Recorded by Ibn Abi Shaybah and al-Muhamili from Ibn Mas’ud (RA) authenticated in Irwa ul-Ghalil no. 654)]
 Shari'ah requires women and children to go out and attend the salaatul ‘Eidayn. This includes married, single, young, old, or menstruating women so that they might stand behind the men and say Takbeer along with them and invoke Allâh along with them and hope for the blessings of that day and for purification from sins." Sahih Al-Bukhari: vol. 2, p.47, no.88.
"It is a sunnah to pray salaatul adha early in order to allow more time for the people to perform the sacrifice, and the salaatul Fitr is to be delayed in order to give people time to pay zakat al-Fitr.
First  is to [pray} and khutbah thereafter. After thakbeer thahreem, recite wajjahthu Wagihililladee etc., do the 7 thakbeer in the 1st rakat. Do not drop the hands and go on raising and dropping, but just utter the thakbeer seven times following the imam. Same with the second rakat of 5 thakbeer.
Prophet stood on the floor and delivered the khutbah in the musalla and he did not sit  half way and complete khutbah. There was no mimber.
Do not avoid the khutbah, all should listen to this. Permissible to pray  both Jum’ah and Eid  if on a Friday or perform anyone of this.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (16/214): 
What I think is that the Eid prayer is fard ‘ayn (an individual obligation), and that it is not permissible for men to miss it, rather they have to attend, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) enjoined that. He even commanded the women – including virgins and those who usually stayed in seclusion – to come out to the Eid prayer, and he commanded menstruating women to come out to the Eid prayer, but told them to keep away from the prayer-place itself. This indicates that it is confirmed. 
He also said (16/217): 
it is permissible to pray voluntary prayers after returning from the musalla. Abu SaEid al-Khudri (RA) reported: “Allah’s Messenger (SAW) would not pray any voluntary prayer (in musalla) before Eid prayer. However, when he returned to his house, he prayed two rak’at. 
Entering any masjid, one must pray 2 rakats of greetings to the masjid (Thahiyyathul masjid) before sitting down.
abideen





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